Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to mechanically link two parts of the spinal column together, usually using screws, rods, cages or plate, in order to reduce movement in this section of the spine. Bone graft, either from your own bone or artificial bone, is applied between the ‘linked’ spinal column, to allow it to ‘fuse’ as one solid unit.
There are three ways through which access to the spinal column can be achieved:
Anterior lumbar fusion – from the front through your abdomen
Lateral lumbar fusion – from the side through the loin region
Posterior lumbar fusion – from the back through the back muscles